The security of the maritime domain has become a topical area of concern, with threats thereto manifesting in multiple ways, ranging from military activities at sea to marine litter discharges and noise pollution. As an issue of common interest of the international community, maritime security has ignited some commendable initiatives both internationally and regionally, aimed at setting up new legal and institutional frameworks of cooperation. However, current regimes have proved to be ill-suited to address the globalized maritime challenges of today. It is thus still necessary to merge the priorities of the various stakeholders into a comprehensive maritime security architecture. This article purports to illustrate this state of affairs through a brief analysis of major themes related to maritime security. For its purposes, the analysis in this article is intended to highlight current challenges and issues that should be taken into account by policymakers in the maritime domain.